Today we offer the topic: “Review of catchy flies for grayling, shop and homemade models” from professional fishermen. We tried to reveal the topic as fully as possible. You can ask all questions in the comments after the article.
Grayling is an omnivorous underwater inhabitant that can be caught with a wide variety of lures. This fish responds well to lures, wobblers, flies and small silicone twisters. Depending on the period of the year, her preferences change, which must be taken into account when going fishing.
Perhaps the best and all-season lures are flies for catching grayling. They bring steady catches throughout the year. Spinning lures work in cold water, and fish often take wobblers in the summer months.
Since grayling inhabits rivers with a fast, rapid flow, serious requirements are imposed on baits:
- They must maintain a steady game, not get lost in work, not jump to the surface or go into a tailspin.
- The bait should work across, upstream, and across the current.
- When the angler stops winding with the reel, the lure should continue to work with the force of the jet.
- The minimum size of the bait and its realism will lead to more bites.
In general, many lures meet these requirements, but in more detail it is worth considering flies for catching grayling, their types and features, how to properly tie and catch them.
Fly fishing for grayling is a fun and entertaining way. The angler has the opportunity to observe the fish bite visually. An exception is fishing for a wet fly when it moves in the water column. You can fish with these lures both with spinning and fly fishing. Less commonly, a fly rod with a rig without a load is used.
They begin to apply them in early spring. They then fish steadily throughout the summer. The fish bite on them and throughout the autumn until November, until the ice becomes.
The advantages of flies for grayling are:
- variety of shapes, sizes and colors;
- strength and durability;
- you can knit with your own hands.
However, good store-bought artificial flies cost a lot of money, and learning how to make them yourself is not easy. This requires special tools, a variety of materials and enough time to master the knitting of baits.
Grayling at different times of the year is not caught with the same baits. When choosing a particular fly, you should take into account the fishing season, the features of the reservoir and, of course, the composition of the food supply. On one river, the fish can eat more on one kind of butterflies or insects, on the other – it can be beetles, their larvae or ants. It is very difficult to predict in advance what a local underwater inhabitant will prefer.
Flies for grayling are divided into the following types:
- dry flies;
- fly fishing nymphs;
- riding flies on doubles or monotypes;
- nymphs on a jig;
- cargo flies;
- large streamers;
- wet flies.
Each type of bait performs better under certain conditions. Therefore, when going to the reservoir for grayling, you should have a set of various flies in order to adapt to the prevailing fishing conditions and fish preferences.
Among the huge variety of flies for catching grayling, there are several universal and most catchy flies that are very popular among anglers:
- Red Ant or “red ant” is a small lure of red dubbing and black rooster feathers.
- Hydropsyche Nymph is an imitation of the caddisflies and is considered a very effective all-season fly.
- Loop Wing Emerger – imitates a midge or a mayfly, it is used as a dry fly, and as a nymph.
- March Brown is a renowned versatile dry fly that bites anywhere in the world.
- Deer Hair Caddis is a dry rooster feather and deer hair fly that works great in summer.
There are still quite a few good flies, but these are perhaps the most versatile and will not be superfluous to have them in your kit.
After fly-fishing flies, spinners are perhaps the next most popular among fishermen. They prove to be effective in catching grayling on many rivers. The best times to apply them are in spring, early summer and autumn. In a hot period, they are less effective.
A good turntable for grayling should work steadily in any current, not get lost in the game when passing across the stream or in an arc. Most often, such requirements are met by spinners with elongated narrow petals, which deviate from the bait axis within 30 degrees.
A wider lobe will create significant resistance when guided against the flow, and across the flow may not work altogether. Therefore, catching grayling in fast rivers with such spinning lures is uncomfortable and ineffective.
The best spinners for grayling are:
- Mepps Aglia Long;
- Myran Toni-Z;
- Panter Martin Originale;
- Blue Fox Original Vibrax.
Recently, in fishing for grayling, small oscillating spoons have begun to gain popularity. They come from trout fishing, and are gradually becoming the leading position in the boxes of many spinning anglers. Micro-oscillators are characterized by the stability of the game in any current, and allow a variety of wiring options. Their versatility and all-seasonality are striking.
Catching grayling with wobblers most often brings good results in the summer. With the help of these lures, you can catch not only rifts. They work along grooves, in whirlpools and inlets, under overhanging trees. They can be rafted for long distances to the fishing area.
Requirements for wobblers for grayling are not much different from spinners. The main thing is the ability to work steadily on a strong jet. Not every plastic bait is capable of keeping the current and going in a given horizon. The best in such situations are, of course, miniature rolls. Of the known models, the following can be distinguished:
- Smith Camion;
- Tsuribito Baby Crank;
- Zipbaits Hickory;
- Evergreen Combat Crank Mini;
- Ecogear CK40;
- Lucky Craft Clutch.
The set of wobblers may vary depending on the fishing conditions, preferences of the angler and his financial capabilities.
Review of catchy flies for grayling, shop and homemade models
Grayling is considered by many anglers to be a noble fish, which requires a very scrupulous approach to catch. Any little thing, underestimated by a beginner, will lead to a complete fiasco on fishing. Of particular interest to anglers are flies for catching grayling. With good sharp eyesight, the fish instantly notices the inaccuracy in the artificial bait.
It is not without reason that grayling hunters spend a lot of time studying the food supply of fish in each area. And only after that they start choosing or making imitations of insects and their larvae. What is so good about a fly, and what weaknesses does this bait have?
Advantages and disadvantages, varieties of artificial bait
The problems associated with the extraction and storage of natural bait forced fishermen to engage in the manufacture of artificial insects. How long does it take to dig up worms or catch insects. And how to bring them alive, if the path to the “black stones” is overcome in a few hours.
Having looked closely at those insects that fish love, the craftsmen began to knit artificial flies. It turned out that using available materials, one can successfully make imitations of insects and their larvae. And this is the main food of grayling. The advantages of flies include:
- minimum weight and dimensions;
- reliable installation on the line;
- long service life;
- small costs for self-production.
As for the negative aspects, many anglers categorically do not want to engage in fly tying for grayling. There is simply not enough patience, the ability to handle the thread and creativity. It’s a pity to lose catchy models when biting a toothy predator or with a dead hook.
All baits are usually divided into two groups.
Dry flies are designed to mimic the behavior of insects that have fallen into the water. Outwardly, they resemble wasps, moths, dragonflies, flies, etc. A distinctive feature of this group is the presence of fluffy plumage. For knitting dry patterns, materials such as bird feathers, fur of domestic and wild animals are used. Hooks are selected from a thin wire of minimum size.
1. Dry flies.
2. Wet flies.
Grayling lives in different rivers and lakes of immense Russia. In each region, fish have a certain food base to which they are genetically accustomed. There is one more point related to the seasonal preferences of grayling. It is hardly worth offering fish imitations of insects that appear in late summer in early spring. Flies for grayling must first of all meet these most important requirements. If you follow the feeding habits of this fish from spring to autumn, you can determine the necessary parameters of artificial baits.
- Autumn is considered one of the most productive grayling seasons of the year. Of all the insects and larvae that the fish feed on at this time, the grayling likes the caddis flies the most. If the imitation is realistic, the fish will bite both in cloudy weather and in the blinding sun.
Blindly trusting the numerous ratings of flies for grayling is hardly worth it. If these lures really attract foreign fish, then our grayling is wary of them. It is better to evaluate the performance of the bait based on its similarity to natural food.
- Most anglers give priority to flies that mimic caddis flies. This type of bait can be used both on mountain rivers and on Karelian lakes. The simulation works properly throughout the open water season. Although the copy of the caddis flies is small, the bait adheres well to the surface and accurately repeats the movements of a natural insect.
- In the spring, there is no equal to a fly imitating a flying mayfly. Having got into the moment of insect departure, the angler can count on a good bite in any weather. By-catch can be fish such as whitefish and medium-sized taimen.
- The nymph attracts the attention of the grayling in summer. When the fish is concentrated in the middle horizon or at the bottom, the sinking bait is confidently attacked by the grayling. A good result is obtained by a nymph throughout the fall until freezing.
- The imitation of the oatmeal larva belongs to the universal baits with which it is possible to catch grayling from spring to autumn. In the classic version, the fly is attacked by whitefish, chebak, trout and ide. It is important to guess with the colors at a certain time.
- The caddis chrysalis is perfect for hunting trophy prey. Such a fly can be placed on an ordinary float rod, letting it go downstream. Most often, bites happen at the end of the roll, where there is a quiet pool.
It is not so difficult to tie a simple fly. For work, you need a small vice, scissors and tweezers. From the materials should be prepared wool and feathers, fine threads, diving, beads, a sharp hook and waterproof glue.
- A hook is inserted into the vice, onto which the bead clings. She will play the role of the head.
- A black thread forms a backing, starting from the bead and ending with the bend point of the forend.
- To make a ponytail, a piece of a bird’s feather is required. Four barbs are attached to the hook and wrapped with thread up to the front sight. Excess feathers are trimmed around the bead. The thread is wound in the opposite direction.
- The body of the fly is formed from diving, with which the thread is first wrapped, and then even turns are made in one or two layers on the hook.
- By attaching a feather of a decorative rooster, the beards are removed from the head, after which the front part is fixed with a thread. Now the feather along with the thread is wrapped 2-3 times around the hook. In the area of the head, the thread is wound.
- The extra feather is cut off. To prevent the thread from unravelling, it is treated with glue. Photo 3. Ready front sight with your own hands. When a fishing method is chosen and a catchy fly is made, it is time to learn how to tie the fly to the line. To do this, you can use one of the trusted nodes, for example, Uni-node.
When a fishing method is chosen and a catchy fly is made, it is time to learn how to tie the fly to the line. To do this, you can use one of the trusted nodes, for example, Uni-node.
- The fishing line is threaded into the fly hook ring from the outside, a piece about 20 cm long is applied parallel to the main thread.
- A loop is made from a segment below the base. The end of the line is wound inside the loop, wrapping both threads.
- To form a knot, hold the front sight with one hand and pull the free end of the line with the other.
- When a nodule forms at a distance from the front sight, it is necessary to moisten it. After that, the knot is tightened, moving towards the eye of the hook. The protruding end of the line is cut off.
With the right choice of the front sight and accurate determination of the grayling stopping place, catching fish will remain a matter of technique. Let the bait go with the flow until it disappears at the time of the bite.
Grayling is a valuable prey, for which various flies are often used. This is due not only to the high efficiency of this technique but also to its fascination since the whole process will take place directly in front of the fisherman’s eyes. However, to get a catch, you will need not only to master the basic skills of this method of fishing, but also the rules for choosing the bait and tackle for it.
The use of artificial flies allows anglers to choose from the following gear:
Particular attention must be paid to the artificial flies themselves, when choosing a bait, the following criteria are taken into account
In fact, a wide range of artificial flies suitable for catching grayling can be found in any speciality fishing shop.
Below are the most recommended models that have proven themselves on the positive side:
The Loop Wing Emerger is a versatile option that suits most fishing techniques. This fly imitates small or medium-sized midge larvae, they can be used as full-fledged nymphs or used for catching not very large grayling in the upper water layers.
The Superpupa is a dry fly that is consistently in demand as its efficiency does not decrease throughout the grayling season. Novice anglers sometimes do not pay attention to this lure due to its not particularly attractive appearance, which gives it the resemblance to a disheveled broom, but this model is actually always a good solution when fishing for this type of prey.
Hydropsyche Nymph is a front sight that imitates caddis flies with its appearance and is distinguished by a high degree of realism. Such a bait provokes the grayling to attack, even if he has already pecked at this fly and managed to prick on the sting of the hook. This particular model is designed for catching trophy specimens of prey.
The March Brown is a fly with golden ribs and is considered by many experts and professional anglers to be the most effective lure for grayling.
Jassid is a microbeam that imitates an insect that has got into the water. This model is one of the main leaders in grayling fishing; it was developed in the middle of the last century and has not lost its popularity to this day. Jassid has a fairly simple appearance and excellent catchability, while it is clearly visible on the surface of the water, which increases the ease of use. In many situations, this fly becomes a real salvation if the grayling refuses to peck at other baits.
You don’t have to buy flies for catching grayling in fishing shops, since you can make them yourself without much difficulty. Initially, you need to prepare the following materials and tools:
- Bird feathers.
- Synthetic assembly threads, which must have a good safety margin; lurex.
- Woolen threads.
- Small diameter copper wire.
- Animal fur or wool.
- Multi-colored beads, beads of various diameters.
- Waterproof glue or varnish.
- A set of single hooks of different sizes, you can use models from # 8 to # 28. The choice depends on the estimated size of the loot.
- A special tool designed for tying knots.
- Tweezers, vice.
Instructions with a detailed description of the front sight manufacturing process are given below:
The main requirement when choosing a technique for catching grayling with artificial flies is to ensure the realism of the game, since the prey must be sure that there is a real insect in front of it. The basic rules are given below:
- The fly can be cast over a long or short distance, it depends on the fishing conditions and remains at the discretion of the angler.
- It is necessary to ensure that the bait moves freely in the direction of the current: the line should not interfere with it when moving.
- The angler must visually determine the moment for the hooking.
- Grayling is a small fish, but at the same time, it actively resists when it hits the hook, for this reason, forced fishing should be abandoned.
The main task of a novice angler is to acquire the skill of fishing for grayling. After mastering this technique, you will understand which fly and in what conditions it is better to use.
How to increase your fish catch?
For 7 years of active fishing hobby I have found dozens of ways to improve the bite. Here are the most effective ones:
- Bite activator . This pheromone supplement attracts fish most strongly in cold and warm water. Discussion of the “Hungry Fish” bite activator.
- Increasing the sensitivity of the tackle. Read the appropriate manuals for your specific tackle type.
- Pheromone- based baits .
The best time to catch grayling with artificial flies is in the autumn or summer. The main features that must be taken into account are listed below:
- Summer is the most successful choice for catching grayling, at this time of the year it actively bites both sinking and floating models of flies. The main task of the angler is to find places where this prey can be accumulated. You should look for it in dense underwater thickets, as well as in pools and other places where the bottom is poorly visible.
- In the autumn period, fishing for grayling does not fundamentally differ from summer fishing, but the fish often changes its location. It becomes useless to look for it in streams and small rivers, since migration to larger bodies of water begins. Clusters of grayling can also be found on reaches in small rivers, but it can be very difficult to predict biting in such conditions. The length of the fishing season depends on weather and climatic conditions, usually the biting stops towards the end of October.
To sum up, you can give the following recommendations for catching grayling with artificial flies:
- When fishing for grayling in waters with a swift current or during windy weather, it is recommended to use the most stable models with a correctly selected silhouette, since in such conditions the prey has no time to look at the bait.
- The easiest way to explore the reservoir is to use large-sized flies that descend to great depths. If you find places where grayling lives, you can switch to smaller lures.
- When using deep sea flies that sink close to the bottom, the sinking line must be used. When fishing for grayling in any other layers of water, floating types of line are used.
Flies are artificial baits that mimic insects in various stages of their development, which serve as food objects for fish. People have long learned to make and fish both dry and wet. At first, primitive simple tackles were used for such fishing, today the first number is, of course, fly fishing.
Today’s subject of our conversation is grayling flies. This Siberian, belonging to the salmon family, loves to feed on live insects and their larvae, therefore, very often they are caught for their artificial imitations.
Such an artificial bait as a fly, undoubtedly, has many advantages that determine the appropriateness of their use:
1. Versatility in fish. The same fly can seduce both a medium-sized chub and grayling, as well as large lenoks and taimen.
2. Possibility of using with different tackles such as a boat, haulage, fly fishing, bombard, spinning.
3. The compactness of the bait allows using small cases and boxes during storage and transportation, which do not take up much space.
4. Low cost of ready-made baits.
5. Possibility of self-production, tying flies, thanks to the variety of materials used and their low price.
6.Easy mounting of the bait, tying the fly is as easy as a regular hook.
7. If you make a high-quality fly, it can serve the angler for many years. There are no storage features, the main thing is to thoroughly dry the bait in order to prevent corrosion of the hook.
Flies are divided into two large groups according to their application:
Dry baits are called baits that are caught from the surface of the water, they are also called riding. They imitate insects that have fallen into the water: flies, butterflies, bugs, dragonflies and others.
Wet, or bottom, lures are heavier than water and carry them in the lower horizons of the water stream. Beetles, caddisflies, larvae and pupae of insects are the objects of imitation of this type of bogus. Flies for catching grayling can be used when fishing with several types of tackle:
1. Overwhelm. An ancient tackle, in which fishing is carried out from both sides of the river by means of two fishing rods attached to each other. At the same time, leashes with flies are attached to the working line, and the fishermen lower them to the surface of the water, tempting the fish to take a bite.
2. The ship. This is the name of a structure that works on the principle of a kite, controlled by an angler from the shore, and delivers the front sight a considerable distance from the shore.
3. Fly fishing. Modern sports tackle, in which a light fly is thrown due to the weight of the fly line, which has a special profile and sufficient weight.
4. Spirulina. The Italian float rod, also called the bombard, delivers a dry or wet front sight over a long distance due to its own weight, which ensures good flight performance when casting with a spinning, feeder or match rod.
5. The ultralight spinning rod is also used for casting both wet and dry flies. In this case, the main fishing technique is the float of the bait downstream.
Attention! The type and appearance of the fly used do not depend on the choice of tackle, but must correspond to the food preferences of the grayling itself.
The main point in fly fishing for grayling is choosing the most suitable bait depending on the specific river and time of year. Naturally, in May or June, insect imitations that appear in August or September will not work. You also need to take into account the regional distribution of insects by species.
You can start fly-catching grayling immediately after the ice is removed from the reservoirs. Since in the spring the appearance of the first insects does not occur immediately after the ice drift, fishermen are the first to start tying wet flies that imitate bottom microorganisms.
One of the first insects to fly out in late spring are mayflies. At this time, almost all fish feed exclusively on them. Therefore, for this fishing season, fly fishers should stock up on a sufficient amount of appropriate trickery.
In the summer, the number of insects is incalculable. At this time of year, anglers have the largest selection of artificial lures. Which of the tricks will shoot on a specific day at a specific reservoir, only practice will show. In any case, it is worth stocking up on such fly options as:
- wasps, bumblebees, bees;
- actually flies;
- various beetles;
There is no definite recommendation as to which of the imitations of the listed insects will be the best fly for grayling. You need to try various options, some of them, for sure, the fish will like.
The end of summer brings its insects to the fish diet. Fishing for grayling in the fall is carried out with other types of bait. The most catchy flies at this time are an imitation of caddisflies and its larvae.
Also good autumn baits – imitation of insects in the pupal stage. Many insects hibernate in this phase, so the fish are accustomed to eating them at the end of the open water season.
Craftsmen for knitting trompe l’oeil use an incredible variety of materials, both natural and artificial:
- bird feathers;
- animal fur;
- various types of threads;
So that the process of tying flies is not inconvenient, auxiliary tools and devices are used:
- coil holders;
- auxiliary bobbins.
For the manufacture of light dry flies, hooks made of thin wire are used, and for the manufacture of blende the most fluffy materials, from which it is easy to build both the body of an artificial insect and wings, legs or antennae.
When knitting a wet nymph for catching grayling, you need to use hooks made of thick wire in combination with the most dense materials. Often, wire winding on the forend is used to make the bait heavier.
Do-it-yourself grayling fly is not as difficult to make as it seems to novice anglers. This handicraft is so exciting that for some it becomes the same hobby as fishing itself.
Here’s a step-by-step guide for making a typical grayling fly. In order to tie it you will need a small set of materials and tools:
- thin threads;
- dubbing or natural wool;
- sharp hook;
- waterproof glue.
The manufacturing process must be performed in the following sequence:
- In a vice, a hook is clamped with a bead previously put on it.
- From the bead to the bend, support is formed from a dark, preferably black, thread.
- A tail is formed from the cock’s feather and fixed with a thread throughout the forend, the excess is cut off.
- The body is formed from dabbing or natural wool. In this case, the fluffy material is stacked together with the thread.
- A train of rooster’s feathers is formed around the head and fixed with a thread.
- The excess is cut off, then the front sight is glued with waterproof glue.
Before you fish with a fly, you should properly tie it to the tackle leash. To do this, you can use various nodes:
Fly fishermen recommend using the Uni knot to securely hold and play out the captured trophy, which gives the fly freedom and works like a Rapal’s one:
- Skip the end of the fishing line 10-15 centimeters long, a ring.
- We form a loop in which we make at least five turns with the free end.
- Tighten the end of the line and the hook.
- Gradually tighten the loop to the hook ring.
Grayling flies are easy-to-use and manufacture baits that do not require investment of great physical effort and material costs. At the same time, they are one of the most catchy lures for this beautiful and strong fish.
I hasten to please you, gentlemen: there are only three and a half months left before the summer grayling hunt, and therefore it’s time to slowly start preparing for it. That is, to sort out the rigs, to glue the bombards, and to make new flies to replace those that were torn off or worn out last season.
This is exactly the concoction of flies that we will do today. To be more precise, we will make the very fly that the Ural grandfathers used to drag grayling with since Soviet times. What is especially pleasant is that to create this fly, no vice, bobbin holders, thread pulling devices, knotted tongues, marabou bird feathers and other fly-fishing rubbish are needed, therefore it can be made in field conditions.
So, we need the following materials:
- Tidy tee;
- White cambric;
- Black cambric;
- Red cambric;
- Badger wool;
Of the tools, manicure scissors will be enough. For those who are particularly scrupulous, you may also need tweezers.
The tee is used for two reasons. Firstly, the chances of a pecked grayling will tend to zero. And secondly – this is a design feature, without a tee the cambric will not hold. By the way, the diameter of the latter is selected such that the cambric ring is placed on the hook ring with some perceptible tension.
We take 8 hairs from the badger, fold them so that half of the ends stick out in one direction, half in the other. Align with your fingers and push it into the eye of the hook.
Cut off the black cambric ring, put a hook on the ring and drag it to the very end – where the bends begin.
Now it is necessary to pull out from under the cambric ring those ends of the hairs with which they were attached to the skin of the animal. The task is not entirely trivial, but with the proper skill it is quite feasible. An ordinary pin can be of great help here. However, skillful fly collectors do this with their fingers.
Now we tighten the ends sticking out of the hook ring so that on the opposite side we get a tail that is a centimeter and a half long. It is not necessary to align the ends very evenly.
Cut off the ring from the white cambric. And we put it on the hook over the hairs sticking out of its ear.
The ends that stick out between the black and white rings are shortened to five millimeters.
We don’t throw the cut off wool, but tuck it into the hook ring.
Then we cut off the ring from the red cambric and put it on the hook.
We cut off everything that sticks out – under the bends.
Insert another bundle of 8 hairs into the ring.
Cut off a piece of white cambric and put it on a hook. Cut off all that is unnecessary, so that the protruding hairs do not go beyond the bends of the hook.
And here’s another full face photo.
Yes! Hair that is bent in the ear can be strengthened with a drop of quick-drying glue, although without it they hold perfectly there. Caution! If the glue gets on the ring, it can eat it and it will burst instantly.
The catchiness of this bait has been tested by time and old-school chariots. When the bombardier, armed with such flies, enters the roll, he begins to bludgeon the fish one by one. The fly-fishers observing these things groan and grit their teeth from despair.