Now, looking at the perfect and uniquely coloured fishing lures, it is difficult even to imagine such tackles, for fishing, people of the Neolithic used. Archaeological excavations carried out on the middle Amur, as well as during the research of the Bug-Dniester culture in Ukraine, can serve as evidence. During these studies, the remains of fishing tools were found. Among the many harpoons and hooks, objects resembling the shape of baubles were found.
In 1961, on the Amur, a spoon was dug from jade, a durable ornamental stone. At the same time, no hooks were found on an object resembling a spoon, which gave sceptics a reason to believe that it was not a spoon. Unlike sceptics, many scientists believe that these artefacts are real spinners, and our ancestors successfully used them for fishing.
Our distant ancestors used various auxiliary materials as hooks. These were mainly animal bones or hooks made from boar tusks or bones from other animals. The population of the Far East used such hooks in the recent past.
During excavations, spoons made of iron, bronze, tin and lead were found. This is approximately the XIII-XIV century. Various shapes and weights of the lures said that our ancestors fished in the “path”, when “towing” behind the boat, successfully used them for vertical lures and also used them for winter fishing.
Among these artifacts are spinners with notches resembling fish scales. They were not primitive, but had a certain bend for playing spinners. Already in those days, it was understood that not only the appearance, but also the shape of the bait affects the catchability.
If we talk about Europe, then you can find information proving that the Vikings, back in the X-XI century, used spinners to catch fish. They used such lures to catch cod in deep fjords. Spoons were a very handy tool allowing the fisherman to be mobile. It was extremely inconvenient to use nets for fishing in the fjords, and the bait successfully yielded fish.
Until recently, when the spinning reel was invented, the technology of fishing with various kinds of bait differed little from fishing in the 10th century. In the book by LP Sabaneev “Life and catching freshwater fish” exactly the same baits were described that archaeologists found during excavations. With the advent of spinning, the technique of catching predatory fish acquired a completely different character. And although in England at first the spinning reel was used to store fishing line, this was already a breakthrough that opened a new era in fishing technology.
The modern technology of fishing began to develop at a rapid pace abroad. If we talk about the fishermen of the Soviet Union, then for a long time they used primitive baits and imperfect tools, such as spinning. Everything modern – wobblers, rubber fish have long remained behind the “Iron Curtain”. The Soviet industry did not want to develop and improve this process in any way.
For a long time, fishermen had to fish with vibrators and turntables, which were mainly made by handicraft. The tackle that the industry of the Soviet Union produced simply did not give an opportunity to experiment somehow. How much joy an amateur angler had when he managed to acquire a foreign fishing rod, spinning rod, hooks or fishing line.
There, “Over the hill” this technology was constantly being improved and after the removal of the “iron curtain” everyone saw how hopelessly the Soviet Union fell behind. But this did not prevent us from very quickly discarding this primitivism of ours and introducing these latest achievements and technologies into our daily life. We got a very wide selection of tackle and lures. Fishermen-lovers are increasingly giving preference to rubber (silicone) fish, wobblers, twisters, and ordinary spoons and spinners are unreasonably forgotten, but in vain.
The design of the spinner (oscillating spoon) is very simple – the body of the spoon is of a certain shape, the hole in the front and back, the winding rings are in the holes, the hook (tee) is attached to the winding ring at the back, and the fishing line is attached to the front winding ring. They are characterized both in shape and weight. They can be wide and narrow in shape, and from a few grams to several hundred grams in weight.
Very heavy spoons are used to catch cod off the shores of the North Seas, using sheer fishing at great depths. Smaller models of “jigs” are used for catching asp or perch in small rivers and reservoirs.
The famous “Castmaster” can be safely attributed to this family. This little spoon is a double-sided cut of a metal bar. The lure is very balanced and very catchy, as it has an excellent play when driving. The baits are not cheap and a good original costs from 10 to 15 US dollars. Inexpensive copies of this spoon are made by Poles and Chinese, but they can be copies that are far from perfect. Its catchiness lies in its precise execution, otherwise it will not play exactly like the original. Some Chinese specimens refuse to play at all with slow wiring.
The Kastmaster proved to be excellent in catching asp and perch, especially since this lure is excellent for long-distance casting. Her whole elongated body, without anything superfluous, speaks for itself. The only drawback is that it cannot be used in snags, but this is a drawback of all oscillators and all turntables. In order for a vibrator or a turntable to turn into a “non-hook”, it needs some work, but this is for a separate discussion.
Along with “Castmaster”, it is worth noting the Mapps Ciclops oscillator. This narrow-bodied Mepps lure is available in several colors and sizes. Its advantage is reliable play at various speeds. It is worth noting that some Atom vibrators start to rotate at high speeds. This suggests that Mepps Ciclops are more stable in higher currents.
The Canadian company “Williams” offers anglers no less famous and no less catchy products. Back in 1916, Williams Wabbler began to be produced at this company and to this day this spoon is very popular. Brass is used for making spinners. It does not oxidize and produces a good sound when wired. They are covered with gold and silver. These are universal spinners. They can be caught both in summer and winter. All North Americans have a preference for baits that can be used any time of the year.
It is worth remembering about the Finnish company “Kuusamo”, which is an unrivaled leader in the production of baits. The widespread “Professor” and “Rassanen” lures are excellent for stagnant water.
The Poles began production of inexpensive lures Spinnex, Condor and others. The counters in the “For Fishermen” sections are simply piled high with a large number of cheap Chinese products. It is worth noting that the quality of Chinese baits is constantly growing.
Against this background, it is worth remembering the Kiev plant “Sokol”, which at one time produced a wide range of spinners. It is difficult to judge how popular they were now, but it is known that amateur fishermen were engaged in handicraft production of baits. This suggests that industrial designs were far from perfect. Considering that in those days they cost a penny, then they were made by hand only for reasons of catchability.
Spinning spoons ” spinners ” appeared somewhat later than oscillating spoons (spoons). Fishing with these lures in England began around the 17th century.
In the 19th century, words like “spinning” and “trolling” had a completely different meaning from what they have now. The fish was caught either with the help of a sheer lure or by dragging it behind the boat – “path”. Only at the turn of the 20th century, with the advent of reels, spinning fishing began to acquire the features of real modern fishing with the help of spinning.
Spinners “spinners”, like “spoons” are characterized by two features: shape and weight. “By shape” is meant by the shape of the petal, and weight means front-loaded or rear-loaded. Less common are “turntables” without any load at all. In a front-loaded lure, the weight is in front of the petal, and in the back-loaded one – behind the petal. The most widespread are rear-loaded fixed-weight lures.
A small number of companies are engaged in the production of spinning lures with front loading. The advantage of such lures is that, depending on the fishing conditions, you can change the load. The Mepps Lusox lure is very popular among amateur and professional anglers. Spinners “Adams” and “Master” have proven themselves quite well.
Back loaded baits are simple and very affordable. Depending on the shape of the petal, they can be caught both at great depths and in the shallows. The immersion depth is regulated by the speed of the spinning spoon.
According to the petal shape, Mepps lures are divided into three groups. The first group includes lures with an elongated Long petal. The opening angle of the petal is about 30 degrees, and it is designed for fast guidance, since the narrow and long petal has little resistance in water. The England petal lure is designed for slow retrieving. Its oval petal with an opening angle of about 60 degrees does not like fast flow. There is also a third type of petal – something in between the first and the second – this is an elongated oval. These petal shapes can be taken as standard, although you can find spoons with asymmetrical petal shapes.
In this variety of lures, you can find spoons with two petals on one axle. During the posting, such a bait creates enhanced vibrations, and the predator detects and attacks it faster. Due to the additional weight, they have good flight characteristics and are able to “start” even the most lethargic fish.
Sometimes the use of generally unloaded lures is justified. These may be smaller lakes with lush vegetation, when the bait can be carried along the very top. Unfortunately, such baits are practically not produced.
Very often, the manufacturer disguises the hooks on lures with the help of multi-colored bundles of wool, faux fur or bird feathers. In this case, the bait looks more interesting, but it loses its flight characteristics. In addition, it is not known how efficient they are. This should be known to those who often modify industrial designs. Whether it is catchy or not, it will lose its playing characteristics.
Among all the variety of spinning lures, it is worth giving preference to the Mepps company. This is one of the oldest companies that still specializes only in the manufacture of lures. Even from this characteristic of the company, one can assume what enormous characteristics it has in this area. Even the language does not turn around to talk about the poor quality products of the Mepps company.
“Manufacturing” high precision sport fishing gear is what Mepps means in translation. The lures of this company are really very accurately calculated and manufactured. Everything in a spoon should be in proportion, and the thickness of the wire, and the size of the petal, and the shape of the load. A bait made “by eye” will never work well and attract fish. The lures of the Mepps firm can be taken as a standard, although at the present time the Mepsam is stepped on by the Daiva, Smith and others. It is also appropriate here to mention the Finnish-American firm Blue Fox and their famous Super-Webrax model. When navigating, this lure emits a melodic tapping, which additionally attracts fish.
Despite all the variety of lures, their quality, a variety of bright colors, it is worth noting that fishing in our time is quite an expensive pleasure. Based on this, many amateur anglers, as well as athletes, make “turntables” in their workshops. This gives a huge field for imagination and experiments. Then, under the original label, you can purchase a cheap Chinese counterfeit. It is not always possible to pick up a spoon for certain fishing conditions, especially since a predator today takes on a “spoiler”, tomorrow on a “spinner”, and after tomorrow it can simply ignore them. In this case, you have to take on other types of baits, which are not few. These are “wobblers” and “poppers” and “silksonki”. For successful fishing it is desirable to have a complete list, and this costs a lot of money.
As far as we know, the masters successfully make at home both “vibrators”, and “turntables”, and “wobblers” and successfully take on the “silicone”. No one wants to leave such expensive things in snags. You can add a good spinning reel with a branded line plus a super light carbon spinning rod to the lures and the sum is quite big. From this we can conclude that amateur fishing in our time is entertainment for the rich, especially since you cannot go far on a bike.
FISHING WITH LURES
A lot can be said about the technique of fishing with oscillating and spinning lures. Very often one hears from fishermen, hung from head to toe with the most modern baits, that these spinners are already the past and they do not have a special catch. But, as practice shows, the time for these lures has not yet come – sometimes the pike prefers a simple and tested piece of iron more, and the technique of fishing with it is not so simple. Everyone can cast it and reel the line back onto the reel, but not everyone can get the predator to attack it. It is important to determine where and under what conditions to use the “turntable”, and where the “vibrator”. As a rule, shallows are fished with spinners, and “vibrators” are used in deeper waters.
When using such lures, beginners make the same mistake: they try to catch fish for a quick posting. Basically, these fast movements are due to the fear of losing the spoon. And it is really very easy to lose it, since in places of fishing there may be “pitfalls” in the form of various snags. Thus, you can constantly throw the same spoon, but you may not see the fish. A pike, for example, does not like fast retrieving, and in order to catch it, it is recommended to use a very slow retrieve on the verge of a break or to stop for 1-2 seconds.
She usually attacks the bait while stopping. In this case, the pike can attack it both at the very bottom and in the water column. In this case, it is possible to stop the “turntables” for a short time, and the “vibrators” for much more, up to laying it on the bottom. At the same time, it will slowly descend, making oscillatory movements from side to side. At this moment, she can become the prey of a predator. If the fish did not take it during the fall, then already at the time of the fall, when the bait raises a cloud of dust, the predator can definitely be interested in it.
Closer to autumn, the predatory fish tries to go to the depths and here oscillating spoons can become unnoticed. On some reservoirs with stagnant water, the pike picks up better on oscillators than on other lures. The fact of such “amateurism” is difficult to explain.
Very often, beginner spinning players repeat one more mistake – they start fishing the territory with a long cast. Practice and experience speaks of something completely different – it is necessary to start fishing from shallow water, and then go to depth. Very often the predator stands under the shore and a long cast can ruin everything, especially if during the posting you get a hook or you can pull out a small log with vegetation. At this point, you can no longer make casts. It will be worse if from the first cast the bait remains at the bottom.
In short, the technique of lure fishing is as follows: the bait is thrown and slowly carried at the bottom or in the water column. It should be remembered that the speed of the drive is the determining factor when fishing with lures, which cannot be neglected. Although there are many cases when the pike attacked the bait during fast, aggressive posting. It all depends on the quality of the spinner. The main thing is that with an increase in the speed of the drive, it does not lose its game. The most susceptible to this problem are “oscillators”, and as for the “turntables”, when the wiring increases, they simply fly out of the water column, without losing the game.
Oscillating spinners of the Atom type begin to rotate around their own axis with an increase in the wire speed. This indicates that the bait is not of high quality. When there was an abundance of fish in rivers and lakes, it is possible that predators rushed to such a game of bait. Nowadays, when fish are caught with all legal and illegal tackle, such a swinging game does not work. The fish has become smaller and it has become “smarter”.
In the arsenal of an amateur fisherman there should be 3-4 models of spinners of various weights and different shapes. It makes no sense anymore, because each requires its own wiring technique. It is best to master the wiring technique perfectly with these 3-4 models. In this case, they can give fish more than a whole box of all kinds of baits. When throwing a particular model, it is worth experimenting with the wiring in order to capture the moment of truth. It happens that fishermen undeservedly ignore some spinner, believing that it is not very catchy. Having thrown everything, but to no avail, the fisherman still decides to throw this spoon too. After 2, 3 casts, it turns out that the spoon works great and gives a fish. Using your own, although not a large arsenal, you should adapt to each bait individually, feel its work.
“Oscillator” can be successfully used for jigging both at the very bottom and in the water column. For this, elongated baits are suitable, since they create minimal resistance in water. Thus, pike, perch and even chub are successfully caught.
Of great importance when fishing with spoons, their color plays. In the recent past and in the distant past, natural colors were used. That is, the color of the bait matched the color of the metal from which it was made. As a rule, these were copper, brass, silver. It is also possible that there were also spinners made of gold, although there is no information about this.
For another 10-15 years, there was much more fish in the rivers and lakes, and they successfully chased brass, copper and under the “silver” baits. At the moment, the fish have become smaller and more discriminating. Lure manufacturers also do not stand still and offer fishermen a huge number of colors. More and more modern technologies are used in production.
Laser technology is successfully used to obtain a three-dimensional pattern on the body of a spoon. It bears fruit, but they are very expensive. When choosing the colour of the spoon, you need to take into account the background of the environment, as well as the weather conditions. In cloudy weather, it is advisable to use brighter colours, and in sunny weather – dimmer, so that the body of the spoon does not give “bunnies”.
Lures are not monochromatic, but two-color or even multi-colored lures are very popular. In addition, the fish is not indifferent to spinners, which, when wired, emit all kinds of sounds. Usually, these lures are very catchy. In two-color lures, the body of the spinner is painted on both sides and has 2 or more colors. Usually these are multi-colored dots or stripes, but there can be intricate geometric shapes.
When fishing with spoons, it is worth experimenting with their size. Size matters too. It is believed that the pike prefers to grab larger prey so as not to waste its energy on trifles. Many spinning anglers do not recommend fishing pike with small lures. A good pike (about a kilogram) can easily swallow a bait the size of a palm. When hunting for pike, it is advisable to use spinning lures of at least 3rd number. If it is very hot, you can use “turntables” and 2nd number.
For fishing other fish, for example, perch, asp, chub, spoons of a much smaller size are used. If we talk about perch and asp, they generally prefer small fish. Many amateur fishermen noticed an asp walking under the shore and “hitting” the fry, that is, jamming them, and then collecting them. Usually he walks alone on his territory and feeds. The perch, on the other hand, is a schooling fish and they hunt for “trifles” by the company. To catch these predators, ultralight lures are usually used. This type of bait can be used to catch chub and ide. There were cases when such baits attacked (and caught) silver bream.
You can use lures for fishing all year round if only there is access to water. In cold water, the fish gives preference to oscillators, since it stops responding to high-quality radiation from the “turntables”. For this purpose, “vibrators” of the 3rd number and more are suitable.
Most likely, the time of the vibrators has not yet passed, and it will not pass: as the fish was caught on them, it will be caught. All the more so because the manufacturers of “vibrators” and “turntables” manage not to stay in place, but move forward. It is pertinent to note here that a scientific approach and modern technologies are used in the manufacture. More and more often, multi-colored holographic patterns are created on the petals of “turntables” and on the body of “vibrators”. Once in the water, they create a three-dimensional image that does not ignore the predator. Such lures are super-catchy.
These types of lures are trying to oust other types of lures from the market: these are “wobblers and poppers”, but especially silicone ones. Wobblers are fish-shaped lures with different colors. Wobblers, especially of an oblong shape, are very good for twitching. Silicone baits are used for “jig” and “micro-jig” wiring. Poppers are similar to wobblers, but they are designed for surface wiring. But it is worth paying special attention to silicones. These are baits in the form of fish, bugs and worms with a very wide range of colors. Recently, frogs, mice, crustaceans have appeared. The material for their manufacture is silicone. Recently, the use of “edible” silicone has begun. Another argument for continuous improvement of oscillating and spinning lures.
FISHING LINES, REELS AND RODS
It would not be entirely correct to ignore such accessories as fishing lines, reels and rods in the article on lures. No matter how many baits there are, it will not be possible to catch at least some fish without them. Of course, this is a topic for a separate conversation, but at least in passing, for acquaintance, it is worth touching on it.
Let’s start with the line and its primitive selection. This is very important because long distance casting and playing of trophy fish depends on her choice. The line is characterized by its thickness (diameter) and breaking force (kg). Spinning players mainly use lines with a diameter of 25 to 35mm. Large diameter fishing line is used for very large fish, and it is very difficult to cast it far. In short, it all depends on what kind of fish you are fishing for. When hunting for pike, it is advisable to acquire metal leashes, since it snacks the fishing line without much difficulty.
The quality of the coils depends on the number of bearings that the manufacturer has installed in his product. Spinningists use reels with 3 or more bearings. The softness of the winding and the stability of the movement of the bait depend on the number of bearings.
The spinning rod can be attributed to the main tool. They come in different lengths and different action, telescopic and pin. The highest quality rods are made of two parts (rods), they are also more reliable. In the arsenal of a spinning rod, there should be at least two rods: one for heavy lures, the other for light ones. It is difficult to fish with one rod, since you have to use lures of different weights. If a rod is used according to the weight of the spinner (the handle indicates: for example, 15-25g), then the spinner always feels it and reacts to the bite in time. Otherwise, there are possible frequent fishing trips, as well as problems with casting baits.